graffiti – Wiktionary

graffiti – Wiktionary
See also: Graffiti

English[edit]

graffitiEnglish Wikipedia has articles on :Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Italian graffiti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti (usually uncountable, plural graffiti)

  1. (

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    chiefly uncountable) Drawings or words drawn on a surface in a public place, usually made without authorization.

    The underpass is a popular place for graffiti artists.

    The city council spends thousands of pounds removing graffiti from public buildings.

    • 2021 October 20, “Network News: NR and NH tackle graffiti vandalism”, in RAIL, number 942, page 9:

      The removal of unsightly graffiti on the sides of railway bridges spanning major roads in the North West is to be handed over to National Highways, to speed up the job.

  2. (archaeology, countable) Informal inscriptions, figure drawings, etc., as opposed to official inscriptions.

Usage notes[edit]

  • There is no universal singular form to denote a single piece of graffiti. In archaeology, and occasionally elsewhere, graffito is used, reflecting the Italian singular. There is some non-standard usage of graffitus, as though it were Latin (compare focus, plural foci); graffitum, also Latin sounding (though this would technically form the plural *graffita; cf. millennium, plural millennia); and graffiti itself, unmodified.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

drawings on a surface

  • Belarusian: графі́ціpl (hrafíci)
  • Chinese:
    Mandarin: 塗鴉(zh)涂鸦(zh)(túyā)
  • Danish: graffiti(da)c
  • Dutch: graffiti(nl)
  • Esperanto: murskribaĉo
  • Finnish: graffiti(fi)töhrintä
  • Galician: graffitim pl
  • German: Graffito(de)m or n, Graffiti(de)m pl or n pl
  • Icelandic: veggjakrotn
  • Irish: graifítím
  • Italian: graffitismo(it)m
  • Japanese: 落書き(ja)(らくがき, rakugaki), グラフィティ(gurafiti)
  • Korean: 그라피토(geurapito)
  • Macedonian: графи́тиm pl (grafíti)
  • Maori: karawhiti
  • Marathi: ग्राफिटीf (grāphiṭī)
  • Polish: graffiti(pl)m
  • Portuguese: grafite(pt)m, pichação(pt)grafitom, grafítim
  • Russian: граффи́ти(ru)n (graffíti

    )

  • Serbo-Croatian: графитиm pl, grafiti(sh)m pl
  • Slovak: grafitm, grafitym pl
  • Spanish: grafiti(es)
  • Swedish: graffiti(sv)c, klotter(sv)n
  • Turkish: grafiti(tr)
  • Ukrainian: графі́ті(uk)pl (hrafíti)

See also[edit]

Verb[edit]

graffiti (third-person singular simple present graffitis, present participle graffitiing, simple past and past participle graffitied)

  1. (transitive) To mark a surface with such images.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian graffiti, plural of graffito

Noun[edit]

graffiti c (singular definite graffitien, plural indefinite graffiti)

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian graffiti, plural of graffito

Noun[edit]

graffiti m (plural graffiti or graffiti’s)

Finnish[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti

Declension[edit]

Inflection of graffiti (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative

graffiti

graffitit
genitive graffitin graffitien
partitive graffitia graffiteja
illative graffitiin graffiteihin
singular plural
nominative

graffiti

graffitit
accusative nom.

graffiti

graffitit
gen. graffitin
genitive graffitin graffitien
partitive graffitia graffiteja
inessive graffitissa graffiteissa
elative graffitista graffiteista
illative graffitiin graffiteihin
adessive graffitilla graffiteilla
ablative graffitilta graffiteilta
allative graffitille graffiteille
essive graffitina graffiteina
translative graffitiksi graffiteiksi
instructive graffitein
abessive graffititta graffiteitta
comitative graffiteineen
Possessive forms of graffiti (type risti)
possessor singular plural
1st person graffitini graffitimme
2nd person graffitisi graffitinne
3rd person graffitinsa

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti m (uncountable)

graffiti m (plural graffitis)

Further reading[edit]

  • “graffiti”, in Trésor de la langue française informatisé[Digitized Treasury of the French Language], 2012.

Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti m pl

Participle[edit]

graffiti m pl

Anagrams[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian graffiti, plural of graffito

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti m (definite singular graffitien, indefinite plural graffitier, definite plural graffitiene)

References[edit]

  • “graffiti” in The Bokmål Dictionary.

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

graffitiNorwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on :Wikipedia nn

Etymology[edit]

From Italian graffiti, plural of graffito

Noun[edit]

graffiti m (definite singular graffitien, indefinite plural graffitiar, definite plural graffitiane)

References[edit]

  • “graffiti” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English graffiti, from Italian graffiti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti n (indeclinable)

Related terms[edit]

  • (nouns) grafficiarzgraffitoman

Further reading[edit]

  • graffiti in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • graffiti in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian graffito.

Noun[edit]

graffiti n (uncountable)

Declension[edit]

declension of graffiti ( singular only )

singular
n gender indefinite articulation definite articulation
nominative/accusative (un)

graffiti

graffitiul
genitive/dative (unui)

graffiti

graffitiului
vocative graffitiule

Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Italian graffiti.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti m (plural graffitis)

Usage notes

[edit]

According to Royal Spanish Academy ( RAE ) prescriptions, unadapted foreign words should be written in italics in a text printed in roman type, and vice versa, and in quotation marks in a manuscript text or when italics are not available. In practice, this RAE prescription is not always followed .

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

graffiti c

  1. graffiti; a form of vandalism involving painted text or images in public places
  2. graffiti; any graffiti art produced as a result of that act of vandalism

Declension[edit]

Declension of graffiti 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative graffiti graffitin
Genitive graffitis graffitins

Trả lời

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